What is Alzheimer’s disease? Symptoms & Treatments
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that affects individuals of all ages. It gradually destroys the brain, from its outer layers to the innermost core. Alzheimer’s disease has been associated with several types of dementia, including mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s dementia. In addition, it can occur after a stroke or other injury to the brain. The main symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include: Changes in language and memory Loss of personality Change in behavior This article will first review what differentiates Alzheimer’s disease from various forms of dementia and then discuss some treatments that can help slow or even prevent the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.
What is Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a chronic, degenerative neurological disorder. It involves the brain and nervous system. Symptoms typically develop between the ages of 60 and 80, but Alzheimer’s disease can begin in adulthood or even be diagnosed at a much younger age—perhaps as early as age 45.
Alzheimer’s disease affects more than 50 million people worldwide. The most common symptoms are memory loss, confusion, and other cognitive problems. These symptoms usually get worse over time. Cognitive decline may result in difficulties with language and learning new information or remembering things that have been learned previously.
In addition to memory loss, Alzheimer’s disease may lead to changes in personality: forgetfulness, depression, anxiety disorders, disorientation and lack of motivation can all be signs of this illness.
To complicate matters further, there is no cure for the condition; it just takes time for symptoms to worsen over time as the brain begins to die from the effects of the disease itself.
Different types of dementia
Early signs of Alzheimer’s disease often include memory loss and difficulty in learning, remembering, or recalling information. Other symptoms can include confusion, talking or hearing problems.
There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but it can be slowed down by various therapies. Most treatments are aimed at slowing the progression from mild to moderate to severe forms of the illness. As with most diseases, there are no medications that will prevent or cure Alzheimer’s disease; however, there are many steps that can be taken to slow its progress and prolonging its life span.
Symptoms and treatment of different forms of dementia
The main symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include the following: Memory Loss Disorientation Changes in behavior (e.g. forgetfulness, confusion, and apathy)
Dementia is a complex disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is sometimes referred to as “dysphasic dementia”, because it can cause memory loss and impairments in cognitive abilities — such as decision-making and problem-solving ability — that are similar to those associated with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Though Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, there are several forms of dementia that may be more common than Alzheimer’s disease. For example, Parkinson’s disease is a form of dementia that affects only the brain and body systems involved in movement control. As well, frontotemporal dementia—which was first described by psychiatrists in 1989—is an entirely different type of dementia that does not involve memory loss or other cognitive functions.
What are the causes of Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a complex neurological disorder that affects the brain of individuals of all ages. It begins with an accumulation of “amyloid beta deposits” in the brain, which are protein clumps formed from dying and damaged cells. Over time, these deposits form into plaques and tangles, which may cause symptoms like memory loss and impaired thinking as well as death.
There are several forms of AD, including early-onset AD (EOC), additional-onset AD (AOA), late-onset AD (LOA), and non-transient frontotemporal dementia (NTD). In EOC and AOA, there is memory loss but no other signs or symptoms of dementia. In LOA and NTD, progression toward Alzheimer’s disease occurs after a major injury to the brain such as a stroke or head trauma.
In the future, researchers will be able to predict the onset of various forms of dementia based on genetic information — this would allow for earlier diagnosis and treatment.
What can be done about Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia in older adults. There are at least 4 types of Alzheimer’s disease, with different symptoms and treatments.
Type 1 Alzheimer’s disease—also referred to as Pick’s disease or senile dementia—is usually diagnosed between the ages of 65 and 85. It occurs when a person has not developed any other form of dementia, but it’s still possible that he or she could develop another form of dementia. Type 2 Alzheimer’s disease—also called Pick’s disease—occurs between the ages of 86 and 110, when people don’t have any form of dementia, but they’re not entirely healthy either. For example, they might have mild cognitive impairment. Type 3 Alzheimer’s disease occurs after age 110 and is characterized by severe memory loss, including amnesia. This is very rare in normal aging populations but can occur in younger people who go through a period where their brain shows signs of cell death due to the accumulation of beta-amyloid plaques on their brains’ surfaces (known as neurofibrillary tangles). In this condition, there is no cognitive impairment that can be seen on an MRI or CT scan, so symptoms are very difficult to distinguish
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes memory loss and other cognitive deficits. It is often diagnosed in the elderly and can affect both men and women. The onset of Alzheimer’s disease is usually gradual and your symptoms may not be recognized for years. Attempts to treat the disease are often ineffective and slow down the progression. One treatment option is a drug called Aricept, which helps slow down the disease. Good nutrition and exercise also play a role in slowing down the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. It is important to remember that Alzheimer’s disease is not a one-time event; it is a chronic condition that will continue to affect your loved one’s mind and body over time.